Tooth Decay: What are the Causes

Tooth Decay: What Are the Causes

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Dental Cavities and How to Avoid Them

chapel-hill-dental-cavity-fillingAlso referred to as dental cavities, tooth decay is a condition where bacteria destroy the layers of a tooth. Tooth decay is a condition that continues to impact Americans of all ages. As a matter of fact, it has been reported to be among the most common diseases in the United States. Why so, you may ask? Well, we both know that very few people are careful with their teeth. A majority of us don’t care or are careless with our teeth, and that’s why it becomes so easy to be affected by tooth decay. Here are causes of tooth decay you might have never known.

Poor Oral Hygiene Practices

Everyone knows that they should brush and floss their teeth twice a day. Brushing after every meal is recommended as well. However, some tend only to brush their teeth but not floss regularly as required. One should also be patient when brushing their teeth. According to dentists, you should brush your teeth for about two minutes. Maintaining a proper oral hygiene helps to ensure good dental health. When you don’t maintain a proper oral hygiene, tooth decay is inevitable.

Improper Nutrition/Poor Diet

How many times have you heard your dentist talk about avoiding sugary beverages and candy? Foods that are high in acid, sugar, and carbohydrates contribute to tooth decay. Sugary drinks and foods create the best atmosphere for bacteria in your mouth. Maintaining a healthy diet will not only improve your overall health but also reduce the risk of tooth decay.

Fluoride Deficiency

Fluoride is not only important when it comes to strengthening your teeth’s enamel but also fighting and preventing tooth decay. That’s why dentists recommend drinking a lot of water and using toothpaste with fluoride when brushing. Those living in areas where water doesn’t contain fluoride are advised to see their dentist.

Smoking and Alcohol

Alcohol leads to dehydration while smoking increase the risk of cavities. When your body is dehydrated, and there’s less flow of saliva in your mouth, bacteria will cling to your teeth’s enamel thereby leading to tooth decay.

Other reasons why you may have issues with tooth decay include age, genetics, tooth grinding and dry mouth issues. Exposure of the pulp may also increase the risk of bacterial infection. If tooth decay is not treated, it will lead to tooth loss. Having regular checks and exams with your dentist will help avoid tooth decay and other related complications.